SPOILERS AHEAD, so if you haven’t watched the movie don’t continue reading unless you want to be spoiled. The Netflix original film “Bird Box” debuted December 13, 2018 which lead actress Sandra Bullock. This Horror film based on the book Bird Box by Josh Malerman brings the story to life for worldwide audiences to see.


Various metaphors have been found throughout the film and each represent a huge part of the journey that Malorie undergoes.

In the beginning, Malorie felt lonely as shown from her paintings all in black and separated from the rest.

However through the journey Malorie bonds with her new children and would even sacrifice herself for them.

The Blindfold

The Blindfold has been a powerful symbol since the 15th century  meaning “the golden light of truth shines through the darkness”. Not being able to see the evil or walking blind is a symbol of hope and faith.

The Birds

Birds symbolize freedom and hope which is shown throughout the film as Malorie constantly uses the birds as a guide away from the “monsters” that someday they would make it home.

The birds in the box were the colors of blue and green which symbolize healing.

Also there were exactly three birds in that box which represents completeness and Malorie with her two kids.

The River

The river symbolizes a journey towards enlightenment. Which is kinda of what Malorie undergoes as she finds a safe haven from all the chaos of our current world.

The Sacrifice

When reaching the sharp edges of the river, she warns Boy and Girl that one of them must look, which is technically sacrificing them as they are “looking” at the possible “monster”.

This event symbolizes the Trolley Problem, a thought experiment in which a runaway trolley is about to run away five people, however, you are next to a switch that would switch the train tracks onto another path.

But, on that second track is a single worker. Should you flip the switch?

The percentage of people flipping the switch is about 90% as they believe the right move is to kill the path with less people.

As they believe that is ethically right, but then that puts you in the position of murder as you actually made the decision to kill someone, not the trolley killing them.

Similar to Malorie’s situation she actually considered killing off Girl to save herself and her biological son, as she stated that, “she would choose” when the time came. But in the end, she concludes that she wouldn’t sacrifice anyone and decides to save both of them.


The name “Malorie” or “Mallory” itself already means the unfortunate one or the unlucky one, originating from the French surname.

The Monsters

For Charlie already stated these creatures perfectly:

“…An entity that takes on a form if your worst fears or your deepest sadness or your greatest loss. Aka Manah,… Varios Daevas,… Surgot,… Huli Jing,… Puca… All different names, but the same thing… The end of us”

— Charlie

Aka Manah

Zoroastrian or Middle Persian word for “evil thinking”.

Image via Google

Various Daevas

In Avestan culture, “daevas” are gods to be rejected.

Image via Google


The Surgat is a minor demon who is found in The Secrets of Solomon and the Grimorium Verum

Image via Google

Huli Jing

In Chinese mythology, The Huli Jing are creatures who could be good or bad spirits. Jiuweihu (九尾狐) translates to nine tailed fox first written during the Han Dynasty.

Image via Google

Puca “Phooka”

The Irish “Puca” translated to spirit or ghost is found in Celtic folklore who bring both good or bad fortune.  

Image via Google

Although most of these creatures may look or even seem extremely different from each other, many of these familiar faces resemble some of Gary’s pictures.

During Malorie and Olympia pregnancy, they finally go into labor as Gary stays in the living room. Suspiciously, he takes out a sketchbook from his bag. In the bag, numerous drawings of the “monsters” were shown.

He takes all the drawings out, placing them all the table carefully. Afterwards, he continues to take the sketchbook as he starts to sketch out a new “monster” drawing.

Theories of the Chaos

Psychosomatic Mass Hysteria

Mass Psychogenic illness (MPI), is “the rapid spread of illness signs and symptoms affecting members of a cohesive group, originating from a nervous system disturbance involving excitation, loss…”


Many symptoms of this illness generally consists of fear, anxiety, fainting, dizziness, and anything else that would affect the area of the brain. Neurological affecting the hippocampus which affects many areas such as decision making and emotions.

The first ever recorded example dating back to 1900 BC in Ancient Egypt. Where women were diagnosed later in 5th century in Greece called the Wandering Womb.

Other examples include

Bedlam in Salem which is the most well-known example of Mass Hysteria

Dancing Plague of 1518 in what is now current France.

In Bird Box, the movie states that this illness started in Russia which later spread to Alaska which is close to California where the story mainly takes place in.

Lovecraftian Monsters

  1. P. Lovecraft, American author, famous for writing horror fiction, with many creations of monsters in his stories. Many of the creatures shown from Gary’s sketchbook ressemble many of the monsters created by Lovecraft.
Image via Google

Chemical Biowarfare

“Chemical weapons are devices that use chemicals to inflict death or injury; biological weapons use pathogens or organisms that cause disease. Pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and toxins (poisons produced by animals or plants).”

Chemical & Biological Warfare – CBW> – Library of Congress

Similar to The Mist, novel by Stephen King, the military accidentally opened a portal to another world, where those creatures entered Earth and those who enter through the mist see their worst fear.

In Bird Box, those who see the “light” or the “monsters” try to commit suicide or become some sort of demon helpers of the monster.

For instance, while people like Jessica, Olympia, and Tom killed themselves, other maniacs such as Gary are actually followers who make others kill themselves.

Since we never actually see the “monsters” it might explain the people’s extreme actions as the air they’re breathing has toxins caused by the Chemical Biowarfare that makes them hallucinate.

Time of End

In fact, it’s possible some actually saw their death, causes by the “light” which may be a representation of the fear of God. For example, Judgement Day, represents the end of the world. Which explains the bright light but not why they kill themselves.


Image via Google

What did Jessica see in the Bird Box?

There is no exact evidence of what Jessica saw, but with the theories listed above, it’s possible she saw her greatest fear, like losing Malorie as we see their close bond with each other.

Now we could make hundreds of speculations but we’ll never know what she actually saw unless the Directors decide to spill the tea.



Thank you so much for reading! Comment down below if these theories helped with your curiousity of the film.


  1. Wow, this blog post is incredible! I never realized how much depth and symbolism there is in Bird Box. The idea that the creators were trying to convey a message about mental health and the pressure to conform to societal norms is so powerful. The movie is truly a masterpiece and this breakdown of its hidden meanings has made me appreciate it even more. Thank you for sharing!

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